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Authors and Contributors

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This book is dedicated to Christian Guilleminault,MD

As a scientist and leader, Dr. Guilleminault shared his gift of knowledge and curiosity to mentor future leaders in the field of sleep medicine. The authors dedicate this book to Dr. Guilleminault for his participation and dedication to help us making the world be a safer place for children.

Dr. Joseph Yousefian, D.M.D, M.S: Dr. Yousefian obtained his degree in dentistry from Washington University, in St. Louis and completed three years of post-graduate training in orthodontics at the Ohio State University. He received dual Masters of Science Degree in biology and physical anthropology. He is Diplomate of American Board of Dental Sleep Medicine, Diplomate of the American Board of Orthodontics and is in private practice in Bellevue Washington. He is currently collaborating with several NIH (National Institute of Health) research projects involving University of Washington, Minnesota and Alabama in the area of TMJ, airway and open bite disorders. He has served as a Clinical Assistant Professor and Orthodontic Research Associate at the Ohio State University and University of Washington and is a guest lecturer at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. He is an active lecturer nationally and internationally. He has contributed more than 30 publications and chapters in refereed scientific medical and dental journals and 12 textbooks. This includes: “Reduction in Orthopedic Conditions Through Teledontic Treatment of Pharyngorofacial Disorders.” Metabolic Therapies in Orthopedics, Second Edition. Editors; Kenneth Cintron MD, Ingrid Kohlstadt MD, Johns Hopkins Medical School 2018. “Teledontic Treatment of Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea with Invisalign”, “Gallery Book of Invisalign”, Align Technology, Inc. San Jose CA 2019. “Teledontic - Telegnathic Protocol (TTP) for Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea”, “Book of Sleep Medicine”, Third Edition, American Academy of Sleep Medicine 2019. “Pediatric Treatment of Sleep Apnea with Teledontics/Telegnathics”. 1st edition, Editor; Joseph Yousefian DMD, MS, CRC press – Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, Florida, February 2020.

Jerald H. Simmons, M.D: Jerald H. Simmons, M.D. is the Founding-Director of Comprehensive Sleep Medicine Associates, PA (CSMA) and the Sleep Education Consortium (SEC). He is Triple Board-Certified in Neurology, Epilepsy and Sleep Medicine. A graduate of Ohio State University, he trained in Neurology at Washington University, Sleep Medicine at Stanford University and Epilepsy at University of California. He began his professional career as Assistant Professor of Neurology at UCLA while co-directing the UCLA Sleep Disorders Center and directing the Clinical Neuro-physiology lab at Olive View UCLA. In 1999 he moved to Houston establishing his neurology / sleep disorders / epilepsy practice. He continues to conduct research studies relating to sleep disorders and developing methods to enhance the assessment and treatment of patients with sleep disturbances. His most recent research involves the relationship between Clenching / Sleep Bruxism / TMJ Disorder with Obstructive Sleep Apnea, as well as the relationship between ADHD and disturbances of sleep. He is currently extending his practice to provide assessment and treatment of patients who sustained concussions. Education has been an important aspect of his career, having trained medical students, residents and fellows in sleep medicine and then establishing the SEC as an outreach to educate the healthcare community. He has been instrumental in advancing collaborative care amongst different types of heath care professionals and is now leading a national effort to enhance the screening of children for sleep related breathing disorders so that early intervention can transform the lives of future generations.

Marsha Luginbuehl, Ph.D., NCSP: Dr. Luginbuehl received a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Psychology from the University of Kansas, and M.A, Ed.S., and Ph.D. degrees in School Psychology with emphases in Pediatric Sleep Disorders and Family Therapy from the University of South Florida, Tampa, FL. Dr. Luginbuehl completed two Ph.D. internships at major sleep clinics in Tampa Bay, FL. She has worked as a psychologist and consultant for the Child Development Center in Tampa, FL; an adjunct professor of school psychology at the University of the Virgin Islands in St. Croix; a school and pediatric psychologist for the Pasco County, FL School District and Lincoln County School District #2 in WY. She is a Nationally Certified School Psychologist and President/CEO of Child Uplift, Inc. since 1996, a corporation that provides workshops and webinars to professionals nationwide on pediatric sleep disorders, and publishes the Sleep Disorders Inventory for Students (SDIS), SDIS-R, and Sleep Disorders Inventory for Adults (SDI-A). They can be accessed at www.SleepInventory.com. Dr. Luginbuehl has numerous scientific articles and book chapter publications on universal screening and identification of children with major sleep disorders.

Dr. Ingrid Kohlstadt, MD,MPH FACN, FACPM, Johns Hopkins University, Center for Human Nutrition, Baltimore, MD, USA:

Ingrid Kohlstadt, M.D., M.P.H. is a 1993 physician graduate of Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and is now a faculty associate at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Human Nutrition. Board-certified in preventive medicine, Dr. Kohlstadt earned a Master’s Degree in Public Health Epidemiology and an undergraduate degree in biochemistry. She is a Fellow of the American College of Nutrition and a Fellow of the American College of Preventive Medicine. Dr. Kohlstadt specializes in optimizing the body’s metabolism for complete and lasting healing. On this topic she conducts research and lectures at Johns Hopkins University; consults for Gerson Lehrman Group; contributes to TIME and Townsend Letter; and unites thought leaders from around the world by editing two prominent medical references Advancing Medicine with Food and Nutrients (commencing its 3rd edition) and Metabolic Therapies in Orthopedics (now in its 2nd edition).

Ron Mitchell, MD: Dr. Ron Mitchell is Professor of Otolaryngology and Pediatrics and Chief of Pediatric Otolaryngology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Children's Medical Center Dallas. He is also the holder of the William Beckner Distinguished Chair in Otolaryngology. Dr. Mitchell graduated from medical school at the University of Southampton in England and completed general surgery training, including a fellowship at the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (FRCSEd) and in otolaryngology in London (FRCS – Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery). Dr Mitchell is a Diplomate of the American Board of Otolaryngology and a fellow of both the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh and the Royal College of Surgeons of England. He completed his Otolaryngology residency in London, England and a Pediatric Otolaryngology Fellowship in LeBonheur Children’s Medical Center in Memphis, TN. His clinical and research interests are on the management of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children. Dr Mitchell has been a speaker at numerous national and international conferences on pediatric sleep disorders. He has received several grants and has published over 100 manuscripts in peer-reviewed journals. He has chaired several national committees and has been involved in guideline development on a variety of Pediatric Otolaryngology topics. He is a PI for the Pediatric Adenotonsillectomy Trial (PATS) and completed the Randomized Controlled Study of Adenotonsillectomy for Childhood Sleep Apnea (CHAT) both sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Dr. Jay Levy, D.D.S: Dr. Levy maintains a private dental practice in Portland, Oregon. His dental practice focuses on occlusion, restorative dentistry and temporomandibular disorders. He received his dental degree from New York University and served on the faculty as an assistant professor. Between 1999 and 2007 he served on the faculty at Oregon Health and Science University as an Assistant Professor in the Departments of Biological Structure and Function, Prosthodontics and Community Dentistry. He completed a two-year postdoctoral fellowship in neurophysiology at the Oregon Health and Science University and received a Certificate of Training in Human Investigations from the School of Medicine at Oregon Health & Science University. He regularly presents CE courses that focus on the physiology and biomechanics of occlusion.

Dr. Samuel Louis Bobek, M.D, D.M.D, FACS: Dr. Bobek is a board certified Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon at Swedish Medical Center in Seattle Washington. He is a founding member of the Interdisciplinary Sleep Surgical Center at Swedish First Hill. Dr. Bobek received his dental and medical degrees from Oregon Health & Science University. He finished a fellowship in orthognathic and temporomandibular joint surgery in Charlotte, North Carolina. Dr. Bobek has helped to open a new clinic at Swedish First Hill where focused his clinical practice to orthognathic surgery, TMJ surgery, surgical management of obstructive sleep apnea, and trigeminal nerve repair. He has authored multiple publications in peer reviewed literature, three book chapters, and has lectured nationally and internationally on virtual surgical planning, OSA and TMJ replacement.


Sunil Aggarawal MD, PHD, FAAPMR: Dr. Aggarwal received a B.S. in chemistry, B.A. from the University of California, Berkeley. He completed the Medical Scientist Training Program at the University of Washington School of Medicine where he received Doctorate of Medicine (M.D.) and Ph.D. in medical geography and Global Health. He completed his Internship in Internal Medicine at Virginia Mason Medical Center in Seattle, Residency in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the New York University Medical Center, and Clinical Fellowship in Hospice and Palliative Medicine at the National Institutes of Health-Clinical Center Pain and Palliative Care Service. He is currently an On-Call Palliative Medicine Physician Consultant at MultiCare Health System and an Associate Medical Director of MultiCare Hospice. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and is board-certified in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Hospice and Palliative Medicine. He is a Clinical Instructor at the University of Washington School of Medicine, an Affiliate Assistant Professor of Geography at the University of Washington, and a Faculty Member of the National Family Medicine Residency. He serves on the Editorial Advisory Board of the National Cancer Institute’s PDQ Cancer CAM information summary on cannabis and cannabinoids.

Dr. Henry H. Rowshan DDS: Dr. Rowshan graduated from Indiana University Purdue University School of Dentistry in Indianapolis, Indiana. Following his graduation, he was commissioned as a Captain in The United States Army Dental Corps. He completed his advanced four years training in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Eisenhower Army Medical Center and the Medical College of Georgia in Augusta, Georgia. Dr. Rowshan has authored and published over ten articles and a textbook in surgical, anesthesia, and general dentistry journals. Dr. Rowshan spent the next three years teaching four Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery residents and eight Advanced Education in General Dentistry residents the art and science of oral surgery. He served as the Chief of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department at The US Army National Training Center in California. He has also served as a clinical faculty at Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry of USC in Southern California and Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery at University of Washington, School of Dentistry in Seattle, Washington. Dr. Rowshan is a Diplomate of the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, a Diplomate of the National Dental Board of Anesthesiology and a Fellow of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.

Dr. Steve Carstensen DDS, FAGD,FICD,FACD: Steve Carstensen DDS started treating sleep problems in 1998 and practices at Premier Sleep in Bellevue, WA. He’s completed UCLA’s Mini-Residency in Sleep and is a Diplomate of the American Board of Dental Sleep Medicine. He lectures internationally, directs sleep education at the Pankey Institute and is a guest lecturer at Spear Education, University of the Pacific, and Louisiana State University Dental Schools. Since 2014 he has been Editor-in-Chief of Dental Sleep Practice Magazine. In 2019, Quintessence will publish A Clinician’s Handbook of Dental Sleep Medicine, written with a co-author.

Dr. Soroush Zaghi: Dr. Soroush Zaghi graduated from Harvard Medical School, completed residency in ENT (Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery) at UCLA, and Sleep Surgery Fellowship at Stanford University. He now serves as medical director of The Breathe Institute where the focus of his sub-specialty training is on the comprehensive treatment of nasal obstruction, snoring, and obstructive sleep apnea in children and adults. He is very active in clinical research with over 80+ peer-reviewed research publications in the fields of neuroscience, head and neck surgery, myofunctional therapy, and sleep-disordered breathing. Dr. Zaghi is particularly interested in studying the impact of tethered-oral tissues (such as tongue-tie) and oral myofascial dysfunction on maxillofacial development, upper airway resistance syndrome, and obstructive sleep apnea, especially as it relates to pediatric populations. He is an invited lecturer, author, and journal reviewer for topics relating to the diagnosis and management of sleep-disordered breathing and tongue-tie disorders in children and adults.

Dr. Chandur Wadhwani BDS, MSD : Dr. Wadhwani received his BDS in 1986 from University College Hospital, London. He attended the University of Washington receiving a Masters in Dental science and a certificate in prosthodontics in 2004, then joined an established private practice limited to prosthodontics in Bellevue Washington, where he currently works. Dr. Wadhwani has an active interest in education and clinical based research, and is currently an adjunct assistant Professor at Loma Linda University, Advanced specialty education program in prosthodontics, and the University of Washington. He has also been made associate clinical professor at Oregon health Science University, in periodontics where he undertakes research with the Master’s degree students. Dr. Wadhwani lectures throughout the world. He is currently working with graduate departments in Loma Linda, OHSU, UW and to date has published over 70 articles in peer review journals, and has contributed to seven text books related to implant restoration.

Dr. Abhishake Banda, M.D, D.M.D: Dr. Banda is a Board Certified Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon in private practice in Bellevue, Washington. Dr. Banda earned his medical degree (MD) from The University of Maryland School of Medicine and his dental degree (DMD) from The University of Pennsylvania. He completed his surgical specialty training in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at The University of Maryland Medical Center and the prestigious R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center. Dr. Banda holds an appointment with the University of Washington as an Affiliate Professor and Clinical Instructor in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Dr. Banda has authored peer-reviewed articles in major scientific journals on reconstructive surgery and facial trauma. He has lectured at both the national and international level, notably at The European Congress of Craniomaxillofacial Surgeons in Prague, Czech Republic. He authored a chapter in a classic textbook, Operative Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, specifically on bone grafting procedures and dental implants.

Dr. Sue Vetter DDS, FAGD: Dr. Sue Vetter maintains a private fee for service dental practice in Seattle, Washington. She received her BS and DDS degrees from the University of Washington where she remains an Affiliate Associate Professor. Dr. Vetter is a graduate of the Dawson Academy, Kois Center, Schuster Center and OBI Foundation for Bioesthetic Dentistry. She is a board member and faculty for OBI Foundation for Bioesthetic Dentistry.


Dr. Gabriel Malouf DDS: Dr. Malouf received a BS in Chemistry and emphasis on Biochemistry from Utah State University. He graduated from the University of Michigan School of Dentistry and completed Advanced Education in General Dentistry at the David Grant Medical Center. After serving as a dental officer in the US Air Force he entered private practice in Washington State. He currently practices in Seattle and Snoqualmie Washington with a functional approach to dentistry focusing on systemic health sustainability anxiety mitigation and healing optimization through patient education and integrative treatment.

Dr. Norman Chiang DDS: Dr. Norman Chiang received a BS in Biology from the University of Washington and graduated from the University of Washington’s School of Dentistry. Dr. Chiang has been practicing in Bellevue and is active in many dental organizations and advanced study groups. Upon graduation, he became a faculty member of the Restorative Department at he University Of Washington Dental School. He has been a member and mentor at Comprehensive Treatment Seminars with a focus in managing the obstructive sleep apnea, TMJD through management of airway, muscles, and teeth.

Dr. Franco Audia: Dr. Franco Audia was born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. He attended college at the University of Calgary and subsequently attended Loma Linda University School of Dentistry. During his dental school training Dr. Audia performed externships in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, Mayo Clinic in Rochester and Los Angeles County Medical Center. He completed a residency in Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery at Loma Linda University Medical Center and received a Master of Science degree. He maintains a private practice in Bellevue and is an associate professor at the University of Washington. Dr. Audia has authored numerous articles in the areas of bone grafting, implants and distraction osteogenesis. He also maintains privileges at numerous hospitals in the region including Overlake and Swedish Medical Centers, where he performs many of his reconstructive procedures. Dr. Audia served as the president of the Washington State Society of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons in 2006/2007.

Dr. David Riley, MD: Dr. Riley graduated from University of Utah School of Medicine. He trained in a variety of integrative medicine disciplines and is currently on the Board of Directors of the Academy of Integrative Health and Medicine (AIHM). He is on the board of directors of the Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States (HPUS), a technical advisory board to the FDA and has worked with international regulatory organizations including the BfArM, the WHO, DHCC, and the EU. He is board certified in Internal Medicine and currently an editor with The Permanente Journal (TPJ), Complementary Therapies in Medicine (CTIM), and Integrative Medicine Clinicians Journal (IMCJ). He participated in the development of the CONSORT reporting guidelines for randomized controlled trials in 2000 and led the development of the CARE reporting guidelines for case reports in 2012. These guidelines were simultaneously published in seven medical journals and presented by Dr. Riley at the International Congress on Peer Review and Biomedical Publication sponsored by JAMA and the BMJ in Chicago in 2013.


Dr. Raymond Hsu, DDS: Dr. Raymond Hsu received a BS in Biology from the University of Washington and graduated from the University of Washington’s School of Dentistry. He specializes in restorative dentistry, as well as diagnosing and treating conditions like sleep apnea and occlusal disease. He works as a clinical instructor at the University of Washington School of Dentistry to engage with the next generation of talented dentists.

Dr. Johann Yi DDS: Dr. Yi graduated from University of Washington School of Dentistry in 1998. He has been prating general dentistry in Bellevue, Washington in private practice.


Sal Rodas, MBA: Sal Rodas is the executive director for the Foundation for Airway Health and the chief product officer for SleepArchiTx. He is a published author, speaker, and dental and medical technology evaluator. Mr. Rodas has presented hundreds of CE hours to dental and medical professionals, both nationally and internationally, in the areas of sleep medicine, airway management, 3D technology, and practice growth. Mr. Rodas has more than 15 years of professional senior-level executive experience. Throughout his career, he has worked with leading companies in the medical and dental sleep industry on innovative solutions, with the objective being to help practices grow. His most recent assignment was as the chief strategic officer of a sleep diagnostics company.

Prior to this, Mr. Rodas led operations, sales, marketing, and service efforts as the COO for Space Maintainers Lab—an international organization with offices in the United States and abroad that serve the needs of dentists and orthodontists worldwide. At Space Maintainers Lab, Mr. Rodas presided over the SMILE Foundation—the educational division of the company—organizing seminars nationwide with leading lecturers in the dental community. Mr. Rodas earned his MBA degree from Babson College in Wellesley, Massachusetts; holds a Bachelor of Information Technology degree; and has served as a U.S. Marine.

Dr. Kelley Fisher, DDS: Dr. Fisher graduated from Creighton University School of Dentistry in 2001 and went on to study advanced occlusion and smile restoration at the prestigious Dawson Academy. Dr. Fisher is in private practice serving the Sammamish and the surrounding areas with dental excellence as a member of the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry, American Dental Association, Seattle-King County dental Association, Washington State Dental Association, Dentist for Oral Conscious sedation and the Comprehensive Treatment Seminars Study Club.

Dr. Sara Silvestri: Dr. Silvestri specializes in Pediatric Dentistry at her private practice in Mill Creek, WA. Dr. Silvestri completed her undergraduate degree at Boston University and her Doctor of Dental Surgery degree at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry. She then furthered her education and went to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to attend a residency program at Temple University Hospital. Here she specialized in Pediatric Dentistry and served as Chief Resident. Dr. Silvestri is a Diplomate for the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. Other professional memberships include American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry, Academy of Laser Dentistry, Washington State Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, American Dental Association, and Washington State Dental Association. Interests include pediatric sleep apnea, oral-systemic connections, growth and development, ankyloglossia, breastfeeding medicine and caries prevention.

Barbara Ochsner: Barb is the President and founder of Olympic Orthodontic Laboratory, Inc. Founded in 1983, while in her early twenties, Olympic has since become a nationally recognized lab. In 2015, Olympic joined LeoLabs, a cooperative of North American orthodontic laboratories, whose intent is to combine knowledge, training and new ideas. Throughout her 40-year career, both in a clinical and lab setting, Barbara has focused on providing doctors with a progressive approach to orthodontics, offering her accounts up-to-date appliances and technology.

Dr. Likhari BDS,MS: Dr. Likhari graduated from Tufts University in Boston with a Master of Science Degree and a Certificate in Periodontics. Dr. Likhari is a Diplomate of the American Academy of Periodontology, and is Affiliate Clinical Faculty at the University of Washington department of periodontics. His research and articles have been published in various national and international journals.

Otoño Silva, MD: Dr. Silva, founder of Interventional Orthopedics of Washington in Bellevue, Washington, is board certified in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Following this, he completed a specialized fellowship in Interventional Orthopedics with a focus on regenerative therapies, including prolotherapy, PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) and Stem Cell Therapy for orthopedic/musculoskeletal applications. He has a passion for professional development, continued education, teaching, research, and developing a partnership with his patients to work towards their optimal health with an integrative approach. Before his formal medical training, Dr. Silva earned a bachelor of science degree in nutrition and trained and worked as a massage therapist. This training, along with a personal regenerative medicine treatment experience changed his life and inspired him to enter the medical field. His skills as a body worker have enhanced his hands-on physical exam skills as a physiatrist and interventional orthopedic specialist. In addition, this has taught and enabled him to incorporate a holistic approach for patient care into his practice. As a part of this holistic approach he utilizes IMS / dry needling for diagnostic purposes and pain relief for patients, appropriately refers his patients for chiropractic care, physical therapy, nutritional planning and hormone balance as needed to comprehensively address their health and well-being.

At Interventional Orthopedics of Washington, Dr. Silva creates a balance between a natural approach and traditional medicine. Rather than mask your symptoms with pain medication and steroid injections that will contribute to degeneration of your joints and tissues, his goal is to diagnose the underlying causes of your pain. This allows him to develop a plan to address the source of your pain and assist in healing and restoration of a healthy, potentially
pain free, active lifestyle. He achieves this by utilizing science-backed, groundbreaking regenerative medical therapies, such as platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and stem cell treatments that harness and bolster your body’s own healing abilities. Dr. Silva continues to expand his skills and knowledge by conducting research in interventional orthopedics to advance the field of regenerative medicine. He also teaches courses for the Interventional Orthopedics Foundation (IOF) around the country to share his advanced knowledge and pass these skills on to other physicians.

Dr. Ryan Chiang DDS: Dr. Ryan Chiang received his BS in Biochemistry from the University of Washington before earning his DDS from the same campus. His ongoing commitment to post-graduate education allows him to provide exceptional cosmetic and reconstructive dentistry. He is a mentor within the world-renowned Kois Center and also serves as part-time affiliate faculty at the University of Washington School of Dentistry.

Ryan Yousefian MS: Ryan obtained his BS in Business Entrepreneurship at Washington State University, and is currently receiving his MS in Business Entrepreneurship at the University of Washington Fosters School of Business. He has been collaborating with several NIH (National Institute of Health) research projects involving University of Washington, Minnesota and Alabama in the area of TMJ, airway and open bite disorders. He has been involved with several clinical trials on implants as a research Assistant with university of Washington which has been published in peer reviewed dental journals. Ryan has also contributed as research assistant in publications of several dental and medical textbooks on sleep apnea and TMD.